The Emotional Intelligence Africa Summit 2019 (EIAS2019) was held at GIMPA Accra Campus on Thursday, 14th November 2019.
THEME: Building National Character Of The New Ghanaian; The Role Of Emotional Intelligence.
This event was organized by Mr. James Kwesi Addison of Addison International Center for Emotional Intelligence (AICEI).
With such an interesting theme, a question one will ask is ‘Who is the NEW GHANAIAN?’
Kindly read below to find out more.
SPEECH BY GIMPA SRC PRESIDENT
“An emotionally intelligent student will have the ability to manage emotions, exercise self-management, regularly demonstrate kindness, and build and maintain a supportive relationship”.
SPEECH BY MR. JAMES KWESI ADDISON
WHAT IS A NATIONAL CHARACTER?
WHY THIS THEME?
I decided to kick start a debate as to whether we can be proud as a nation to be associated with a particular character and that we are ready to make these characters transferable – part of our education?
And whether we could be intentional about with such characters?
Are we really living characters that we are perceived to have a nation? For instance, are we really empathetic, hardworking, love our Nation? Etc.
We will begin this journey today and we will borrow from two powerful Dutch scholars Hubertus Duijker and Nico Frijda (1960), who distinguished six types of definitions of national character.
1. National character: a set of psychological traits that is characteristic for the people belonging to a nation and that sets them apart from other nations.
2. National character: the most common type of behaviour of the adult members of society.
3. National character: a system of conduct, values, and convictions shared by the majority of society.
4. National character: a basic (permanent and continuous) structure of the personality of people belonging to the same culture, based on the processes of standardization, socialization, and education.
5. National character: learned and inherited cultural behavior and systems of norms, values, and aims that are used by institutions of culture and are present in its products.
6. National character: the mentality that is present (explicitly or implicitly) in literature, art and philosophy which functions as national “spirit”.
SOME FUNDAMENTAL IMPORTANCE OF A NATIONAL CHARACTER…
- A National Character is very essential for a Nation and the loss of it will lead to the loss of the next generation.
- A National character serves as – wheel and strength so that a nation does not waver.
- It fosters and strengthen national identity.
- A National character will help maintain the integrity of the nation and help form the human and a society who have a certain noble and dignified Nation
An Example of a Nation with a National character of DISCIPLINE & HARD WORK is JAPAN.
The Japanese believe more in socialism than individualism. They care about the National wellbeing. Therefore, they put more emphasis on harmony with others rather than having their own determined attitude. Japan is known for its culture of discipline and hard work. It is a testimony to the collective will and discipline of the Japanese people that despite being devastated in World War II, they quickly recovered and became one of the leading economies of the world and are today, counted as one of the developed countries. They have a unified national character as people, language, culture, ethos, which are consistent across the country.
Some fundamental blocks of Japanese National Character- Japanese group orientation seems to indicate a willingness to adjust one’s behavior to the (perceived) expectations of members of a reference group. It is considered to be based on an individual mentality including the following attitudes:
1. a tendency to avoid confrontation or conflict;
2. a tendency to identify oneself with reference groups (often based on personalistic relationships), and see one’s interest as contingent on the group’s interest;
3. a high level of empathy and sensitivity to others’ expectations and feelings, and a psychological trait that stresses interdependence.
PEACEFUL NATIONS IN THE WORLD
Ghana came 4th after Botswana and Malawi and Mauritius respectively as the most peaceful country in Africa in the latest Global Peace Index.
Ghana placed 44th in the world with Iceland leading the overall chart as the most ‘peaceful’ nation on Earth in the 2019 Global Peace Index.
Source: Global Peace Index
Iceland, often portrayed as an idyllic Nordic paradise, came first in the rankings for the 12th year in a row as researchers praised the country’s falling murder rate and increase in funding to UN peacekeeping.
Reasons for Iceland’s Position
The strong institutions, attitudes, and structures of peace that Iceland maintains have boosted the country’s resilience against small internal shocks,’ they said.
Denmark was fifth, with European nations dominating the top of the list.
Ghana 44th Position – Denmark 5th – Peaceful Nation
Ghana 98th Position – Denmark 2nd – Happiest Nation
(The report ranks countries on six key variables that support well-being: income, freedom, trust, healthy life expectancy, social support, and generosity.)
The difference between these countries is the difference in Emotional Intelligence (Empathy and collaborations are taught in schools).
NOTE: Ghana’s current position is a result of our levels of emotional intelligence we have been exhibiting over these years based on the good social and emotional skills handed over to us by our parents unconventionally.
- Can we maintain and improve on these ratings with the current events unfolding?
- Are we really seeing the importance of these social-emotional competencies?
- Are we making them transferable?
- What happened to the empathy we used to have, the collaborations, the respect for the elderly, the love for the nation, handwork, honesty, and many?
- How do we take back our communities?
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND FUTURE LIFE SUCCESS
Emotions are a central part of every relationship aspect of our lives, including family, friendships, and the workplace. Managed proactively and effectively, emotions can improve our relationships. They can guide and direct our thinking to include actions that are realistic and appropriate –even saving our lives.
Unmanaged, emotions can hijack reasoning and logic, contributing to responses we may subsequently regret,
A 19th year Study reveals That Kindergarten students with social and emotional skills are twice as likely to obtain a College Degree and they have nothing to do with reading.
Researchers from Penn State and Duke University –
- How the kids shared
- Listen to others
- Resolved problems with their peers
- And were helpful.
The follow-up reveals –
- obtain a college degree
- full-time job by 25
On the other hand, those who have challenges with social and emotional skills
- Less likely to have finished high school, let alone college
- Legal problems
- Substance abuse
- Why teachers – if teachers will model these essential skills then they themselves need to be trained and qualify to work with emotions
- Emotional intelligence can be a real asset when handling kids/students. Each child has a unique set of needs as well as their own concerns in the early stages of their lives. Empathizing with kids about their concerns and understanding their point of view is very important in child development.
- Kids have emotions as an adult do.
- We must support kids to deal with their emotions as we do support them to deal with mathematics and English.
- We must have the ability to read kids emotions correctly and offer the needed support timely.
- Kids need an outlet to express their emotions – do not ignore them.
- Ability to manage emotions differ in kids as do differ in adult (Do not treat all kids as equal in dealing with emotions)
SPEECH BY DAASEBRE KWEBU EWUSI VII-Chairman for Emotional Intelligence Africa Summit -2019
I am glad also to inform you that my Palace is one of several official sponsors of this Summit, with myself Daasebre Kwebu Ewusi VII, Vice President of the National House of Chiefs, Osabirima Otsibu VI, the Paramount Chief and the President of Enyan Denkyira Traditional Area, Nana Kobina Nketsie V, the Paramount Chief of Essikado Traditional Area and many of our Senior Traditional Leaders helping to steer the activities of today.
To me, a National Character is a system of conducts, values and convictions shared by the majority of society and the most common type of behavior of the adult members of society.
Some believe that, with effective governance, Nations’ economies could significantly benefit and develop. But I wish to draw your attention to the fact that a poorly managed National Character may negatively affect Nation’s development and stability. However, let me be quick to add that the competencies that make up a National Character for example ‘Empathy, Respect for Elders, Honesty, Discipline, and Commitment to mention but a few are learnable, teachable, and are transferable and I am very excited that Ghana now has a Center dedicated to the building of these competencies called ‘Addison International Center for Emotional Intelligence’ with the Nation’s First Internationally Qualified Emotional Intelligence Coach James Kwesi Addison as the Master Trainer, whose training was facilitated by the EQ Development Group on behalf of Multi-Health Systems Incorporated Canada.
It is worth noting that, Addison International Center for Emotional Intelligence has since its inception conducted research and taught people of all ages how to develop their emotional intelligence, as well as providing support to leaders, Coaches, Consultants, and Organisations on how to apply emotional intelligence knowledge, tools and concepts. Notable among these are the Ghana Police Force, NVTI Wider Management, Management and Staff of Presbyterian University College, Ghana, Airtel Tigo Marketing Department, among others.
Addison International is also involved in transforming educational environments into centres of excellence in the provision of social-emotional skills into children and young people with schools like Young Executive School, and Royal Orchids Montessori, Ajumako Senior High School and many more soon to be certified as centres of Excellence in Social-Emotional Learning.
Furthermore, Addison International through NGOs, Faith Networks, and Traditional Rulers led and opened up access to communities to develop an emotional capacity to ensure community cohesion and collaborations.
Addison International and Nanaanom Education Development Programme
I wish to draw your attention to the fact that Nanaanom has partnered Addison International and has a project running under the name – Nanaanom Education Development Programme. This is a Dedicated Teacher Development and school transformation programme, managed under both Nanaanom and Educational Leadership. Through our partnership with Addison International, we nationally equipping, certifying, and nurturing schools and teachers to establish Social Emotional Learning centers of excellence in education.
Last year one hundred and ten (110) Guidance and Counsellors at Ajumako, Enyan, Esiam District of Education Directorate and Teachers and students of the Komenda College of Education benefited from Emotional Intelligence training. This year in August, Two hundred and forty (240) teachers of Abeadze Dominase Traditional Area Education Directorate have also benefited from the same training. Nanaanom Education Development programme is now open nationally and wishes to appeal to Individuals, Corporate Ghana, International embassies and Corporations here in Ghana to sponsor such a laudable initiative.
Addison International and Presbyterian University College Partnership
Let me also used this occasion to commend the President of the Presbyterian University College, Ghana – Reverend Professor Emmanuel Adow Obeng and wish all of us here today will emulate his example for he made a remark last year that he wouldn’t want us to come back here without any in erodes with emotional intelligence capability building. Today, I am happy to announce to you that the Presbyterian University College, Ghana in partnership with Addison International is offering ‘Certificate in Emotional Intelligence’ the first of its kind in the whole of Africa, with this we can only lead the way for building emotional capital in Ghanaians, letting the rest of Africa follow us.
Addison International in Partnership with EQ Development Group Canada
Addison International in Partnership with EQ Development Group Canada is currently offering to Ghana and the rest of Africa, a 3-week online master course in emotional intelligence. Why enumerating all these emotional intelligence pathways? I want you to become good ambassadors of EQ Development for ALL. Do not get these skills alone. Get your staff, teachers, your kids, your school and your community trained in emotional intelligence by Addison International. The work had already begun and the emotional intelligence revolution is underway.
I now welcome you all to join this evolutionary programme, to play a key part in shaping how education now supports Ghana’s future leaders, entrepreneurs, employees, academics and public servants, parents, and citizens.
SPEECH BY REV. KOFI KARIKARI AMOAH ON BEHALF OF
REV. PROF ADOW OBENG
The national character of the new Ghanaian should begin with a new vision to our education and that must be geared towards fostering social and emotional learning – Emotional Intelligence.
To thrive in the 21st century, students need more than traditional academic learning. They must be adept at collaboration, Empathy, communication and problem-solving, which are some of the skills developed through social and emotional learning (SEL). Coupled with mastery of traditional skills, social and emotional proficiency will equip students to succeed in the swiftly evolving economy
One of the critical areas that a new National Character must impact positively is on our workforce. Our workforce must be social and emotionally intelligent. Social and emotional skills are critical to the workforce of the future. A number of researches show that jobs are becoming increasingly social-skills-intensive. The emotionally intelligent workforce will prepare today’s youths for a global evolving workplace, with consequent benefits for individuals, businesses, the economy and society.
WHEN IS IT APPROPRIATE TO DEVELOP OUR EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
The new national character must be made up of valuable skills like Discipline, Commitment, Dedication, Love for Community and Nation, Empathy, to mention but few. These valuable social and emotional skills can be developed at any point in a child’s life, although it can be highly effective to introduce it early and embed it in the core curriculum throughout a child’s schooling. Research suggests that early childhood is a critical period for attaining important skills. Augmenting such early learning at later ages is necessary, complementary and effective. Social and emotional skills can be taught in classrooms or at home but are most potent if developed in both settings.
DESPITE THESE GOOD OUTCOMES, FEW CHALLENGES COULD STAND OUR WAYS IN DEVELOPING AN EMOTIONALLY INTELLIGENT GHANAIAN
1. limited awareness,
2. Insufficient prioritization,
3. A lack of consensus,
4. Low levels of funding and resources
5. And an inadequate supply of programmes and products.
STAKEHOLDERS ROLE TO OVERCOME CHALLENGES
I am of the opinion it will take the combined efforts of a group of stakeholders – including policy-makers, educators, parents, researchers, businesses, technology developers and investors to overcome the challenges facing social-emotional learning.
Policy-makers must stand at the forefront of setting the agenda for policy change, prioritizing efforts that foster Emotional Intelligence and related assessments and measurements in education, as well as providing funding and other resources for the research and adoption of social-emotional learning.
THE WAY FORWARD
Building the character of the new Ghanain is to ensure that our classroom work focuses not only on mastering academic material but also on how well students collaborate and communicate with one another. These skills are imperative for today’s youngest generations, who require a wide-ranging set of social and emotional abilities to prepare them for the demands of a rapidly changing workplace and position them to achieve better academic outcomes and equip them to contribute to society.
The learning for the new Ghanaian child must be transformed in ways that will enable students to acquire a broad set of skills that will help them to thrive in a rapidly evolving world. This transformation will require social and emotional skills such as creativity, initiative, and adaptability to navigate. It is worthy to note the emerging labour market will require the worker to be able to solve unstructured problems, work with new information and carry out non-routine manual tasks.
Policy-makers must work closely with parents to integrate emotional intelligence into both school and home so that children have access to cohesive and comprehensive social-emotional learning.
As parents, we must also ensure that our children receive a high-quality education providing social-emotional learning as well as academic preparation. Parents need to be advocates and to petition educators and organizations to promote social-emotional learning, supporting efforts to integrate school and home programmes to develop social and emotional skills holistically. Parents must make a concerted effort to help their children learn social and emotional skills at home. They must also push for social-emotional learning curricula, standards.
The new Ghanaian teacher must be emotionally intelligent and must, therefore, undergo Professional Emotional Intelligence Development. Teachers must be enrolled onto a social-emotional learning purpose-driven learning and development process, which establishes a broad working understanding across the following 5 key social-emotional development fields: Autism, and Low Arousal, Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences, Mindfulness and Social-Emotional Learning.
Walking the Talk and moving from rhetoric
One of the characters of a new Ghanaian is to be purposeful towards what we believe to be good for us and to be ready to forge ahead with necessary collaborations to make it happen.
Beginning May 2019, students of all the five campuses totalling 650 and staff were introduced to emotional intelligence in collaboration with Addison International.
The objectives were to:
- Help students build the ability to manage difficult emotions with greater discretion to respond to stressful circumstances and take control.
- Help them increase their creativity, innovation and problem-solving abilities to enhance social and work activities.
- Help improved their health and wellbeing through the quality of social connections and relationships.
- Help student create their basic resilience model to assist them to navigate around challenging situations.
The Results was superb and revealing
- Over 90% of the participants indicated they will be happy to see emotional intelligence made part of our training.
- 98% think emotional intelligence is an important life skill.
- 95% think they will be able to apply the knowledge acquired.
- And one outstanding revelation was that 96% strongly agree that the trainer is knowledgeable (Please help me say a big thank you to Mr James Kwesi Addison).
Introduction of the Certificate in Emotional Intelligence
Third-quarter of this year the Presbyterian University College, Ghana in collaboration with Addison International piloted a two-day intensive residential training at the main campus at Kwahu-Abetifi leading to the award of ‘certificate in emotional intelligence’. The turnout was massive and requests started coming from all over the country. As we speak now we have been to Greater Accra, Western Region, and Eastern Region with Ashanti and Volta on standby for next month. The results once again are fantastic. This certification programme has trained close to 100 Ministers of the Gospel mainly within Presbyterian and others from different denominations
Everybody needs this kind of training (Eastern Region Participants)
- Good for Couples
- Good for Parents
- Good for all leaders in private and government institution and Religious institutions as well
- We are contemplating on making emotional intelligence part of the mainstream courses for students.
- Part of training ministers of the Gospel
- Extend our certification programmes nationwide.
- Offer a diploma in Emotional Intelligence.
SPEECH BY REV. DR. SOLOMON NORTEY
Kindly watch Rev. Dr. Solomon Nortey’s speech here.
SPEECH BY MADAM EVA GYINA BEDIAKO
Emotional intelligence is considered a major indicator that differentiates between successful and unsuccessful teachers. There is a strong linkage between the emotional intelligence of a leader and other positive organisational outcomes such as high optimism, less depression and less impulsivity, at the workplace.
Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to identify and manage one’s own emotions, as well as the emotions of others. Emotion is a wide range of observable behaviours, expressed feelings and change in the state of mind and body. Our likes and dislikes give our individual lives meaning and cause us to be happy or unhappy, satisfied or dissatisfied.
Intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills. Emotional intelligence is the ability to deal with other people successfully. By understanding one’s own feelings, one can understand and evaluate others.
THERE ARE FIVE (5) MAIN ELEMENTS OF SELF AWARENESS
5. Social skills.
Traits of self-awareness.
2. Understanding the ability to laugh at oneself and their mistakes.
3. Discerning about how people think about you.
1. Ability to control your impulses.
2. Ability to think before you speak.
3. Ability to know when, how and where to speak.
1. The ability to move forward (intrinsic, motivation, inner strength).
2. Set goals and go through them.
3. Completing a task.
4. Having perseverance when trouble comes.
1. Perception of others.
2. Being interested in other peoples worries.
3. Ability to anticipate someone’s emotional response to a problem.
4. Putting your leg in another person’s shoe.
5. Being there for others.
“If you want to educate a whole nation, use emotional intelligence”Madam Eva Gyina Badiako
1. Good communication skills (listening, nodding, paraphrasing).
2. Sense of humor.
3. Good time management.
4. Being a leader.
5. Ability to resolve situations.
Teachers, parents, leaders, heads of institutions and, role models and more especially mothers who are usually in the house with the children, need to demonstrate emotional intelligence to adopt the fundamental attributes of transformational leadership.
Schools that desire to get learners to exhibit the highest level of positive behavioral outcomes should also encourage transformational leadership styles. This is because, the transformational leadership style, inherently has qualities of emotional intelligence which also help to create a conducive and productive work climate that enables performance to increase in beneficial ways to ensure educational success. It is therefore recommended that the appropriate training to be organized to help teachers and managers of schools adopt the transformational leadership style. (Emotional Intelligence).
It is also recommended that emotional intelligence be made part of the leadership training in educational institutions as it has a high propensity of improving the climate and effectiveness of teachers in schools. There are many lessons we learn from the film LIKE STARS ON EARTH.
SPEECH BY MR. JACOB OSEI YEBOAH
Africa is rich but Africans are poor due to Emotional Capital bankruptcy.Jacob Osei Yeboah (JOY)- 10th December 2018.
Mr. Addison revealed that he grew up at the feet of the late Paramount Chief and President of Enyan Denkyira Traditional Area, Nana Antwi II. Mr Addison mentioned that in listening to the stories of the elderly, he learned how the old leaders practice listening, calmness and taught their communities these skills in regulating emotions, channeling emotional energy and how together they overcame the distress of adversity and set-back.
The term “national character” is used to describe the enduring personality characteristics and unique lifestyles found among the populations of particular national states.
In Japan, a survey on Japanese National Character is conducted about every five years. In 2014, results showed that about 83% of Japanese would choose to live in Japan in their next life. It also showed people who said they loved their country were often in their 20’s and politeness was found to be the highest regarded virtue among Japanese.
The current national character of Ghana has been reduced to continual NPP and NDC partisan politics.
We justify and protect unrepentant thievery, neo-colonial criminalities and support greed. But who are those suffering or gaining out of NPP and NDC duopoly?
Emotional Intelligence has the undisputed answer!
If anyone doubts the looming self-destruction by greed and hatred in Ghana; think about civilians lynching a military man, the police killing civilians and staging robbery, civilians killing surrendered policemen in broad daylight, the government using vigilantes to brutalise civilians, proud thievery and corrupt acts by civil and public servants and politicians, dysfunctional parliamentary approvals of inflated projects like the New Chamber, religious worship of money instead of God or deity whilst stools and skins are silent! These are signs of a failed state.I am saddened for Ghana!
I have been witnessing the transformation of our national character from good to worse over the past fifty years. Ghanaians were characterised for our hospitality and pride as Africans leading the liberations of nations on the African continent with conscious African personality and national developmental orientation. That national character accentuated the importance of the black keys of the piano that needed to play harmoniously with the white keys so as to give a sweet melody that gives tranquillity to the soul and peace to the world.
That national character of Ghana impacted immensely on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in the 1950s when he came to Ghana. Martin Luther later led the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s that gave hope to blacks in the diasporas and on the Africa Continent. Ghana was then and in no doubt the Pride of Africa! But where is the pride and aspirations of Ghana now?
The founders of democracy in Ancient Greece classified three (3) main types of people in any nation. The types are 1. the Idiots, 2. the Tribespeople and 3.the Citizens.
I. The Idiots
When the Greeks refer to an IDIOT, they do not mean the person is mentally deficient, but they are very private people who are self-centred and greedy.
The idiots are always looking out for their own gain and self-interest. The Idiots do not have the virtue and the character to make a meaningful contribution towards the flourishing of society. For the idiots, it is all about their own pleasures and treasures. According to the Greeks, the idiots could be likened to barbarians. The idiots in Ghana are the class of individuals whose only aim is to forget all ethical principles for their self-interest. They feel they are smart and this encourages them to embezzle national funds to satisfy their greed.
The Idiots in a position of authority or leadership as Presidents, Ministers, DCEs, Corporate CEOs, Chiefs, Religious leaders, etc. never change their characteristics but create public hardships in the community or country for personal benefits by utilising the community or public resources. Their pretentious character makes them advocate for bad policies for the people, knowing they will not be available to take responsibility for the next generation. Their sole intent is to amass personal wealth even if that often means bending the law.
The new Ghanaian should not be an Idiot!
II. The Tribespeople
Ghana has 79 tribal/ ethnic groups with historical antecedents that permeate through our national psychic to this present day. So, it is not difficult for Ghanaians to relate to tribal bigotry and as a matter of fact, we witness these in most African nations.
However, the Tribespeople as defined by Ancient Greece had nothing to do with the geographical origin or tribe (Ashantis, Ga, Ewe, Dagombas, Fantes, Bonos, Frafraha, etc) a person comes from.
The Greeks identified the tribespeople as a class of people who are not able to think beyond their groupings or political groupings and have no mindset of nation-building.
The Tribespeople can be Political Parties, Religious groups of the same faith and different faiths (Christianity, Islam, Traditional Religion), ethnic groups, economic groups, Civil Society Organisations or any form of groupings. For the tribespeople, their primary and ultimate allegiance is to their group or political party. Their tribe is their God, and their religion is tribalism. Tribespeople do not trust anyone outside their tribe!
The Tribespeople have no nationalistic mindset unless such issues are rationalised from tribal benefits as they are mostly irritating, divisive and impolite towards other perceived tribes. The Tribespeople only become nationalistic or corporative when one of their own is in a position of power that is when they can trust the nation or the system is in good hands. Tribespeople tend to be conspirators, saboteurs and even openly resistant towards developments within their society if it is not coming from someone within their tribe. They have no shame to tag such developments as dangerous to their wellbeing and can contemptuously campaign against their own wellbeing.
When it comes to voting for decisions, the Tribespeople are only concerned to vote for the devil that they know will devour them later than the angel that can develop the commonwealth, and so they tend to be enemies of the state by conscientious stupidity. The Tribespeople are the enemy within each nation. So one may not be far from the fact that the Tribespeople is the group stage of Idiots in a nation according to the Ancient Greece philosophy.
We cannot build a national character with Tribespeople!
III. The Citizens
The most important group as defined by Ancient Greece is the citizen.
The citizen is a knowledgeable and skillful person in the society who is empathetically civil and highly respected by the public. The mindset of citizens is public good, nation-building and they think about the next generation and how their actions affect them.
The Citizen has knowledge of their rights within their society and the extent of respect of other people’s rights, freedoms, and responsibilities. Because of their civility mindset, citizens can fight for the rights of minorities and even enemies and rightfully respect the law which should be applied equally to all manner of personalities in the society or the nation.
Ancient Greece, therefore, considered a foreigner as a citizen or Athenian when he or she exhibits such characteristics.
I hope we can be all citizens so Ghana becomes the oasis of peace and development for the new world order. We can build a national character with Citizens only who should be the New Ghanaian.
THE NEW GHANAIAN
The Ancient Greeks have given us the timeless clear cut of three categories of people in a Nation. We should not be idiots living only for ourselves and looting the national treasury to satisfy our ego. We should not be Tribespeople, warriors/vigilantes who see nothing beyond their tribe /political party membership. But we should be citizens and promoters of nation-building in Ghana.
The 2019 AICEI summit is about the New Ghanaian, the Citizen who wants to muster up the skills of building a national character rooted in Emotional Intelligence as being Championed by the Addison International Centre for Emotional Intelligence (AICEI) led by its Founder and CEO Mr. James Kwesi Addison, the first Certified Emotional Intelligence Expert in Ghana.
BUILDING NATIONAL CHARACTER
In building Ghana’s National Character, we have to agree on the character of the Ghanaian we are looking to achieve.
We need to free ourselves as the new Ghanaians from The Enslaved Leadership Mindset (TELM) into The Liberty Mindset (TLM). TELM is often someone who has suffered or experienced a form of subjugation (fear, money, race, tribe, religion, dominance, thuggery, etc.) that puts his mental faculties into submissiveness. Such an individual willingly suffers for the wellbeing of his or her oppressor(s) because they see them as superior. The oppressors could be individuals, friends, girlfriends or boyfriends, lecturers, political party, etc. A TELM mindset can exist regardless of the educational level of the victim.
The people who spend their time improving their human capital through emotional Intelligence have a much higher chance of not remaining in an enslaved mindset. Your human capital correlates with your self-worth which will not urge you to enslave yourself for the wellbeing of others and playing the victim of your circumstances in the political party system.
The core values of a Liberty Mindset, on the other hand, are a great commitment to the rights of individuals; freedom of speech, freedom of thoughts, open inquiry, civil discourse and most importantly the virtue of intellectual humility which underpins these values. Ghanaians and members of political parties should NOT shy away from civil discourses and open inquiries and corruption confrontations of their respective intra-party leadership and the nation at large. The New Ghanaian and Citizen should demonstrate The Liberty Mindset that will not make him/her Idiot nor be part of any form of groupings that has the Tribespeople orientations. The new Citizen should have a Liberty Mindset. Emotional Intelligence which is founded on EMPATHY nurtures The Liberty Mindset.
The National Character that we can consciously build to support our nation-building through Emotional Intelligence or Empathy is
Appropriatism, Meritocracy, Honesty, Hardworking, and Hospitality.
(The acronym AM H3).
A-Appropriatism is a philosophical consciousness that enables a person to take action that is fit for the circumstance and brings improvement in the relationship. Appropriatism is focused on the improvement of humanity and helps bridge the understanding of political, religious, social, economic and technological philosophies. The new Ghanaian with TLM is conscious of Appropriatism.
M- Meritocracy is a political system in which economic goods and/or political power are vested in individual people on the basis of talent, effort, and achievement, rather than wealth or social class or political connections or religious affiliations. Meritocracy fights nepotism and generations believe in building emotional capital, the lack of which has impoverished the continent of Africa despite her rich resources. The New Ghanaian believes in Meritocracy.
H1- Honesty means the New Ghanaian should be truthful and sincere no matter what. The intrinsic meaning is to be “honorable” or respected, Honesty is not just about telling the truth. It is about being real with yourself and others about who you are, what you want and what you need to live your most authentic life. Honesty promotes openness, empowers us and enables us to develop consistency in how we present the facts.
Honesty will create in the New Ghanaian, good self-knowledge of his/her own mind, have self-confidence in delivery, and genuinely care for others. Doing that includes being your authentic self and having the integrity to speak to a corrupt system without fear or favour. The New Ghanaian should possess the first of the triple H-honesty.
H2-Hardworking is the trait of a person who is success-oriented, works efficiently and quickly and is also an expert in organising his/her work in a way that gets the best result.
That character teaches discipline, determination and dedication. The hardworking and the new Ghanaian is highly focused on one issue to achieve at a specific time and does not entertain any negativity from others but has the ability to quickly accept and learn from mistakes that can hardly be repeated. Ghana’s success and happiness can be gained with hard work from the New Ghanaian.
H3- Hospitality is a conservative character of Ghanaians and that distinguishes us from other nations because we find ourselves at the centre of the earth. Hospitality is the disposition or quality of receiving and entertaining guests or strangers in a warm, friendly, generous way.
Hospitality is a major factor in every vacation and business trip and is thus, important to individual customers and to businesses. All work and no play they say makes a jack a dull boy. The new Ghanaian and the citizen will ensure to improve entertainment, sports, and tourism and also will not compromise on the safety and cleanliness of these hospitality venues.
THE ROLE OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
This year’s AICEI summit is giving us the opportunity as Ghanaians to build the AMH3 National Character. The obvious linkage between Emotional Intelligence and AMH3 in national character building cannot be overemphasised as they are mutually inclusive and each character is part of a process of building Emotional Capital.
SPEECH BY PROFESSOR WISDOM AKPALU
Building the National Character of the New Ghanaian: Is the Future Brighter?
Nana Chairman, Chiefs, Queens and Queen-mothers, Invited Guest, Brothers and Sisters, Good Morning. In the interest of time, all protocols are observed. You are all welcome to this Beautiful Greenhill Campus of The Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA). I am very pleased to be invited here to speak briefly to the topic of the day: our ‘National Character’ and the ‘New Ghanaian’.
I wish I could begin this talk with the following experiment: Each one of you should write down the name of one person that you call your best friend. I will provide you with the reason for the experiment towards the end of the talk.
Many centuries ago, we did not have cities or towns. People were simply living as families. There were no laws to protect a family from abuse by others, hence people had to engage in physical combats for their survival. As a result, men were simply paranoid, brutish, antagonistic, and lived in isolation. This is what is called the pre-social state of nature.
As families grew bigger, intra-family conflicts became a commonplace so it was inevitable that family heads emerged to keep the peace within families. This was the genesis of the formation of society. Thus, for an individual within the family to benefit from the protection of his/her natural rights, he or she must surrender part of his/her freedom. People who violate the rights of others are punished according to some laid down rules and regulations. This agreement is often referred to as the social contract.
It is important to note that people who do not belong to a given society are not covered by the contract within that society and therefore could suffer individual or collective abuse, including extortion and murder. Thus, until two adjacent societies agree to live together and define an overarching contract that clearly specifies the rules of engagement and socialization, conflicts are inevitable. Typical examples being tribal and ethnic wars, etc.
Between 1884 and 1885, fourteen (14) powerful European nations, with zero African representation, realizing the extent to which our continent was endowed with resources, decided to meet at Berlin in Germany to divide the continent and its people among themselves. Note that human beings were nothing more than part of the resources or the spoils. By the year 1914, the continent was split into 50 parcels, with Britain and France taking the lion’s shares. This sharing arrangement had no regard for the diverse and complex societies that existed on the continent before the Whiteman arrived. In almost all cases, enemies or groups that did not share social contracts, values or norms were forced to live together. We were never given the opportunity to negotiate the terms of our coexistence but rather forced to embrace external or foreign institutions. It is not uncommon to find a large ethnic group being a minority in multiple countries. For example, my own tribe ewes can be found in 4 countries.
Since we were forced to live together as a nation, political and civil liberties, property rights, and political stability are clearly the three (3) major formal institutions that can promote investment and economic growth and development. Thus, by designing the right institutions social surplus or wellbeing could be optimized in a nation that has diverse groups of people. If so, why are the qualities of all our institutions shamefully low? Perhaps, the answer can be found in the path dependency nature of institutional quality. Thus, low-quality institutions, lead to low economic development, which in turn further dampens the quality of the institutions. If the institutions were endogenized or developed by ourselves, it may have been easier to grow them.
The poor-quality institutions favour the political elites and powerful people in society, by making it possible for them to literally get away with murder, hence they have no incentive to improve its quality.
We have never had an impressive national character, and we cannot have any such a thing in our lifetime until a leader emerges who is willing to sacrifice a significant portion of the unfettered powers accorded him by our constitution. In short, we need selfless leadership.
Now back to my experiment, for the names that you wrote down, how many of you have best friends who come from your ethnic group? I have no doubt that you are in the majority. This same experiment can apply to job acquisition and educational opportunities, choosing marriage partners, dispensing of justice, voting for representatives of pollical parties, etc. until we get to a point where we look beyond tribes and ethnic groups in all critical decision that we make in this country, we cannot break the chain of poverty and inequality, social vices, corruption among the elites, including religious leaders.
Somehow, we are in a state of cognitive dissonance. We know the right things, we complain about them, but we fail to be a part of the solution. Most of us have lost our sense of sympathy and are less motivated to take a good stock of our actions. We need emotional intelligence now than ever before.
In all, the event was a success with people from various backgrounds coming together to learn about emotional intelligence to change their individual lives and affect those they come across through empathy.
It starts with YOU!!!
Do follow Mr. James Kwesi Addison and Addison International Center for Emotional Intelligence (AICEI) on Facebook for more information and courses to enable you to be Emotionally Intelligent.